Did you know about Panades?

A panade is a paste of milk and bread October 035that is typically used to help foods like meatballs and meatloaf hold their shape and moisture. While it may sound odd to use a panade in a sauce, America’s Test Kitchen science editor explained why it works: Starches from the bread absorb liquid from the milk to form a gel that coats and lubricates the protein molecules in the meat in the same way that fat does, keeping them moist and preventing them from linking together to form a tough matrix. Mixing the beef and panade in a food processor helps to ensure that the starch is well dispersed and all the meat reaps the benefits.

However, the gel does not begin to form until the meat-bread-milk mixture is heated. Under heat, the coating of gel on the pieces of protein prevents them from chemically reacting with each other and resulting in toughness.

Lovage – A fun herb

A friend from work (Karen) has lots of herbs that are growing on a hill in her back yard.  She brought in some chives, oregano and lovage to share with everyone.  I had never heard of lovage before she introduced me to it.  It is similar to celery.  The plant has a hollow stem and the leaves look like large celery leaves.  I used all the herbs she gave me in cooking, salads and on a pizza. June 8 2014 007 They were delicious!

Here is how Wikipedia suggests we use lovage;

“The leaves can be used in salads, or to make soup or season broths, and the roots can be eaten as a vegetable or grated for use in salads. Its flavor and smell is somewhat similar to celery. Lovage tea can be applied to wounds as an antiseptic, or drunk to stimulate digestion. The seeds can be used as a spice, similar to fennel seeds. In the UK, an alcoholic lovage cordial is traditionally mixed with brandy in the ratio of 2:1 as a winter drink.  In Romania, the leaves are the preferred seasoning for the various locan broths, much more so than parsley or dill.”

Karen mentioned that I should make a Bloody Mary and use the hollow stem as a straw.  Well, I just couldn’t resist! June 8 2014 018  Would you?

 

Thanks for sharing Karen.  Anytime you want to unload some herbs from your hilly garden, I will gladly take them off of your hands.  They were awesome, especially the lovage.   June 8 2014 019

 

 

Cast Iron Skillet – Best non skillet frying pan, EVER!!

Do you own a cast iron skillet?  Once they are seasoned – and that doesn’t take too long – this is a great non stick skillet.  I love my cast iron skillet.  My favorite food to make is pan fried steaks.  I season each side with kosher salt and freshly ground pepper,add 1-2 Tablespoons of oil over medium heat until shimmering, add steak and pan fry each side 5-7 minutes, let rest 5 minutes and you have a simple and delicious steak.  

I have a Lodge Cast Iron Skillet.  Very reasonably priced – $26.95 – and this will last you a lifetime.

Here is how to take care of your skillet.  I got this information from their website.

If you do Nothing Else

Hand wash. Dry immediately—even before first use.

Rub with a light coat of vegetable oil after every wash. 

How much oil? Enough to restore the sheen, without being “sticky”. (I use 1 teaspoon to 1 Tablespoon, depending on how the oil absorbs into the skillet)

Why? To keep the iron “seasoned” and protected from moisture.

To Soap or not to Soap

 

If no soap is too scary, wash with mild soapy water and dry and oil immediately.  (I DO NOT use soap, water and heat work together very well to clean my skillet)  Consider that cookware is 400ºF in 4 minutes on medium heat and is sterile at 212º F, so soap isn’t always necessary.

Dishwashers, strong detergents and metal scouring pads are not recommended, as they remove seasoning. (Never, ever put in disherwasher.  No need to at all.  My opinion for what it is worth.) 🙂

Seasoning—It isn’t Salt and Pepper

“Seasoning” is vegetable oil baked onto the iron at a high temperature: not a chemical non-stick coating.

Seasoning creates the natural, easy-release properties. The more you cook, the better it gets.

Because you create, maintain, and even repair the “seasoning”, your cookware can last 100 years or more. (If I have 30 years I’ll be happy!)  Chemical non-stick coating cannot be repaired, limiting lifespan.

Helpful facts

Acidic foods like tomatoes, beans, and certain sauces can damage seasoning, and should be avoided until the seasoning is well-established.  (I avoid tomatoes in my skillet.  I have my stainless steel fry pan for most sauces – tomato based or not.)

Cast Iron rarely needs to go above a medium heat setting when properly pre-heated. For the times when you do cook at higher temperatures, add oil to cookware just before adding food to prevent sticking.

Our handles get hot; use mitts. Use trivets to protect countertops from hot cookware.

 

Continue reading

Did you know this about taste buds?

IMG_0360DID YOU KNOW???? (I had to put a pic.  Why not Rooney?  He is cute, isn’t he?)

 

I was listening to The Splendid Table podcast this morning.  They were interviewing Katie Workman about picky eaters.  She mentioned a fact about taste buds that peaked my interest.  She said “There’s a very interesting fact which is that we are all born with about 10,000 taste buds. Over the course of time, by the time you reach full adulthood, you only have 3,000 taste buds. The number simply diminishes. So whatever we perceive as pleasantly bitter, kids perceive as extremely bitter because they have all their little receptors firing away.”  

Now I know why I hated asparagus when I was a kid and love it now!!  The older I get the more I find out how much I lose.  What is that about?  I checked to see if I could find some more interesting facts about our taste buds.  Here are a few more for you!

  • We have almost 10,000 taste buds inside our mouths, even on the roofs of our mouths. (Start out with 10,000 and get down to 3,000.  Crazy!!)
  • Insects have the most highly developed sense of taste.  They have taste organs on their feet, antennae and mouthparts. (I guess this is a useful tidbit of info)  😉
  • In general, girls have more taste buds than boys
  • Taste is the weakest of the 5 senses. (I would say my strongest sense is smell.  Brings back many memories if it hits me the right way.  What about YOU?)
  • There are 5 basic tastes; sweet, salty, sour and bitter, there is a fifth taste, umami, from a Japanese word for “pleasant savory taste” and is distinguished from saltiness.

Umami?!  Soy sauce, fish sauce, celery, cheeses…add umami to your dish. Works fabulously!!  I shall save that for another time!!

Did you know…

Eric made a calendar with fabulous photos of food for a project for school.  I was the lucky winner of this fun calendar.  For the month of May there is a photo of some barbecued ribs.  The reason;  May is Barbecue month!!

Here are a few facts about barbecue;

1.  The most popular holidays for barbecuing, in order, July 4th (71%), Memorial Day (57%) and Labor Day (55%).  (Memorial Day we barbecued delicious hamburgers)

2.  The most popular foods for cooking on the grill, in order are, burgers (85%), steak (80%), hotdogs (79%), and chicken (73%).

3.  The side dishes most commonly prepared on the grill, in order are, corn (41%) – I have never done corn, potatoes(41%), and other vegetables (32%)

4.  The most popular flavors of barbecue sauce are hickory, followed by mesquite, honey and then spicy-hot.

Did you know…Mascarpone cheese is not a cheese?!

Mascarpone-   Mascarpone is a thickened cream (with a sweet note) that is on it’s way to turning into butter.  It is made from only two ingredients, whole cream and citric or tartaric acid (to thicken the cream). The process is so simple you can even make your own at home.

Mascarpone should have a very smooth texture with no lumps or graininess. The flavor should be milky and lightly sweet. It tends to go bad quickly, so use an open container of mascarpone within a few days.

The closest cousins to mascarpone are probably English clotted cream and French creme fraiche. However, high-quality creamy ricotta or cream cheese can also be a substitute for mascarpone. (I would not substitute mascarpone but if you must I suppose you could use those ingredients.)

Besides tiramisu, what can mascarpone be used for? In both sweet and savory dishes, mascarpone can add a creamy, rich element.  (Some people even use on their toasted or not toasted bagel!)

I use Belgioioso Mascarpone.  Belgioioso is a northeast Wisconsin cheese company.  Love their cheese!!

Espresso Balsamic Vinegar

Lily and I went to the Olive Cellar Saturday.  The Olive Cellar is a specialty store in Appleton WI that sells olive oils and balsamic vinegars.  This is a very fun store.  You need to check it out!   I ended up getting their Tuscan Herb Olive Oil, Espresso Balsamic Vinegar and Andes Mineral Salt.  029There are many uses for balsamic vinegar. I happen to use it for salad dressings and marinades.

Did I ever think of using it for a topping for ice cream???  Not really.  The salesperson at The Olive Cellar recommended it.  I figured why not?!  I  topped Ben and Jerry’s Vanilla Ice Cream with Espresso Balsamic Vinegar. ben and jerrys 006Well, this couldn’t be simpler or more delicious.  I will definitely start using Balsamic Vinegar with my desserts.  Give it a try!

Did you know…

Since I mentioned the “crockpot” in my post today about my mom making Scalloped Potatoes with Pork Chops.  Well, it got me thinking about the crockpot and I found some facts for you:

My beautiful crockpot and very busy photo!

  1. The crockpot was invented in 1971.
  2. The crockpot cooks on low at 160 degrees.
  3. The crockpot cooks on high at 190 to 200 degrees (always below boiling).
  4. Crockpots come in different sizes from 1 pint to 7 quarts.
  5. Crockpots use as much electricity as a lightbulb.

How about some tips:

  1. No matter how tempting DON’T lift the lid while it’s cooking (unless the recipe calls for stirring).  Lifting the lid will enable heat to escape.
  2. Ground meats should be browned and drained first.
  3. One hour on high equals 2-2 1/2 hours on low.
  4. Always thaw meat before placing in crockpot.
  5. If you live in high altitude (Scott and Kathleen), cook for an additional 30 minutes for each hour of cooking time that the recipe calls for.

I have a beautiful crockpot and definitely don’t use it as often as I should.  Anyone have some decent crockpot recipes?  If you do I would love for you to share them or the link to get the recipe.  Maybe I will get inspired for some Simple and Delicious recipes!  Ciao!!

What is Gremolata?

Gremolata is an Italian garnish made of minced parsley, lemon zest and garlic.  Typically, it is served along side or on top of osso buco (braised veal shanks)  but it can also be served with fish, chicken, steak or stirred in a pot of fresh fettuccine or soup.  Parsley could be replaced with cilantro (I do not like cilantro) or mint and orange zest may be substituted for the lemon.

Next time I make a soup or sauce I am going to add this to it. I thought the flavors worked quite lovely together.  That is my opinion at least!

Gremolata